The consequences of the introduction of single-member districts in local elections Cover Image
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Skutki wprowadzenia okręgów jednomandatowych w wyborach lokalnych
The consequences of the introduction of single-member districts in local elections

Author(s): Adam Gendźwiłł, Tomasz Żółtak
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences, Politics, Geography, Regional studies, Electoral systems
Published by: EUROREG - Uniwersytet Warszawski, Regional Studies Association - Sekcja Polska
Keywords: local elections; electoral system; single-member districts; local democracy

Summary/Abstract: The paper presents the basic consequences of the introduction of single-member districts (the FPTP system) in municipal elections in Poland. The authors analyze the results of the 2010 and 2014 elections (before and after the electoral reform). Basing on the difference-in-differences research scheme, the paper presents changes in the municipalities where either block- -voting or proportional representation systems were replaced by the FPTP. The empirical analyses demonstrate that the change from the BV to the FPTP system brought only marginal effects. The replacement of the PR system by the FPTP was more visible. Quite paradoxically, it increased the number of committees competing in the elections. However, the disproportionality and the share of wasted votes increased significantly, while the fragmentation of local councils decreased. In the municipalities previously using a proportional representation system, the number of candidates decreased visibly; contrary to the initial assumptions, its impact was neutral to the share of elected female councillors. The introduction of the FPTP system significantly limited the already weak presence of nation-wide political parties in local councils.

  • Issue Year: 17/2016
  • Issue No: 65
  • Page Range: 94-116
  • Page Count: 23
  • Language: English, Polish