“Free study” and the issue of secondary school teacher education at the University of Warsaw in the Second Polish Republic Cover Image
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„Studium wolne” a zagadnienie kształcenia nauczycieli szkół średnich na Uniwersytecie Warszawskim w okresie II Rzeczypospolitej
“Free study” and the issue of secondary school teacher education at the University of Warsaw in the Second Polish Republic

Author(s): Kalina Bartnicka
Subject(s): Social Sciences, Education
Published by: Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego
Keywords: Second Polish Republic; University of Warsaw; teacher education; development of pedagogy

Summary/Abstract: In 1918, Poland’s education authorities began to build a uniform school system. Improvingsecondary education and organising teacher education were important tasks. In the 1870seducation in Galicia was Polonised (including universities in Cracow and Lviv), and a system ofsecondary school teacher education was established. Candidates were educated at universityphilosophical faculties. Qualifications were obtained after passing state examinations in contentknowledge and pedagogical knowledge.University studies in the Second Polish Republic were organised according to the principlesof “free study”, which educated researchers. A vast majority of students undertook studiesto prepare for the teaching profession. The article deals with the adjustment of ministerialregulations and studies at the Faculty of Philosophy (later Faculty of Humanities and Facultyof Mathematics and Natural Sciences) at the University of Warsaw to the needs of vocationaleducation of teachers. Since 1926, future researchers and future teachers were subject to theMaster’s degree regulations. The choice of career in teaching or in academia began only afterobtaining a Master’s degree. Additionally, teachers needed to acquire theoretical and practicalpedagogical qualifications: during a one-year or two-year pedagogical program organisedby Bogdan Nawroczyński at the Faculty of Humanities. This period saw the development ofpedagogical research and an increased interest in pedagogy.

  • Issue Year: 245/2017
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 86-111
  • Page Count: 26
  • Language: Polish