Ethno-pedagogical Traditions of Jewish Women’s
Upbringing at the end of the XIX –the beginning
of the XX Century Cover Image

Этнопедагогические традиции женского еврейского воспитания в конце XIX – начале ХХ века
Ethno-pedagogical Traditions of Jewish Women’s Upbringing at the end of the XIX –the beginning of the XX Century

Author(s): Yuliya Yarmak
Subject(s): Jewish studies, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life, Local History / Microhistory, Social history
Published by: Institutul Patrimoniului Cultural al Academiei de Științe a Moldovei
Keywords: the culture of the Jews of the Pale of Settlement; traditional upbringing; ethno-pedagogy; children; women;

Summary/Abstract: Conservation and transmission from generation togeneration of the spiritual values based on religious tradition was the main function of Jewish culture in the Paleof Settlement. The activities of the family and the religiouscommunity were aimed at its implementation. The isolationin the traditional Jewish society on the basis of the sexualprinciple was associated with fundamental differences inthe functions of men and women. The life of a woman wassubject to the requirements of the family, many childrenwere a means of the safe keeping and surviving of the Jewish ethnos in the conditions of life among representatives ofother ethnic groups and confessions. Throughout the XIXcentury, the family remained the decisive factor in the upbringing of girls. The basis of family upbringing of Jewishgirls is laid in nurturing social, labor and religious-cult skillsmainly through the participation of children in family andsocial activities. The upbringing was aimed at the spiritual,intellectual, labor, aesthetic improvement of the child. Theupbringing of children from an early age and up to marriagelay primarily on mother. The mother’s personality shapedthe life attitudes of daughters. Mother taught them housework and women’s crafts, however, the responsibility for theimmoral behavior of daughters was placed on father. As aresult of successful ethno-pedagogical influence, the futurewoman was given marriage admission as a vital priorityMarriage and the continuation of the family was the onlyvalue of the further life of a Jewish woman in the second halfof the XIX and early XX centuries

  • Issue Year: XXIII/2018
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 83-91
  • Page Count: 9
  • Language: Russian