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Fichte’s Justification of the State

Author(s): Miloš Bukumira
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences
Published by: Nova srpska politička misao
Keywords: Fichte; man; freedom; state; ownership; contract

Summary/Abstract: The necessity to justify the state comes directly from Fichte’s speculative attitudes. Man, i.e. his I, is the core of every thought, existence and every value. The essential and highest value of man, which is the foundation of his existence, is freedom. Freedom is a means of man’s existence, because he is determined through the freedom of his actions. In order to exist, every state has to deprive each citizen of part of his natural freedom. Therefore, the state needs justification for that, which Fichte does by giving a rational explanation of its existence. He does it by proving that man exercises his right of ownership through his freedom, which requires a contract which guarantees safety to every individual. That is how the state comes directly from the need of the reason and its purpose is to establish legal relations between people and to help them progress in culture toward freedom.

  • Issue Year: 17/2009
  • Issue No: 01+02
  • Page Range: 61-84
  • Page Count: 24
  • Language: Serbian