Literature of the twentieth century thoroughly reinterprets biblical material and there is a search of the historicity of the Gospel images (such as Christ, Judas, Pilate, etc.), which, in particular, is associated with Renan's “Life of Jesus”, which modern scholars believe to be a starting point in the interpretation of the Gospel material. An attempt is made to understand, in the words of А. Niamtsu, “the actions of con-scious and involuntary antagonists of Jesus, their inner world from the point of view of the concepts of modern man”. The main artistic research of objective and subjective factors that have shaped the course of New Testament events becomes crucial. During this period the authors were interested in the psychological environment of Christ: Judas, Pontius Pilate, Mary Magdalene, Barabbas, Claudia Prokuly and the Apostles. These main characters have their own biography of the novel's type and they are central to the work of art, getting the right to teach and define the image of Christ himself.
Modern literary process creates a lot of transformation of the traditional interpretations of the material. A. Niamtsu notes that “the semantic significance of the image of Mary Magdalene and the other evangelical sinners in contemporary literature is characterised by increased attention to their spiritual world and a multi-faceted study of the moral and psychological motivations of the essential changes in their lifestyle after joining Christ. This is the approach of man to God interpreted not as a momentary act as a/the painful process of struggle in their hearts between past and present, personal and spiritual, earthly and ideal”.
The world of the Gospel material is spread throughout the modern literary space. Traditional stories and characters are not just an integral factor to overcome human and personal problems of the present, but also serve as a litmus test of measuring good and evil in our time: “Due to the high degree of social and ethical universals in traditional structures, they contribute to building a special “programme” of possible individual activities in various existential situations within a literary context. [edu-cation in the context original literary work “programme” of possible actions of an individual in a given existential situation” [6, p. 13]].
The purpose of this paper is to identify patterns of functioning of the Gospel story-shaped material and systemic research on transformation of the image of Mary Magdalene in the literature of the twentieth to the beginning of the twenty first century and based on the works of art of M. George and W. Valtos.
The theoretical and methodological basis of our study is based on the following principles and methods: history, literature, comparative-historical, typological, descriptive, holistic, synchronic and diachronic approach to the analysis of the reception of traditional structures.