Treaty of Kars of 1921 Cover Image

1921 წლის ყარსის ხელშეკრულება
Treaty of Kars of 1921

Author(s): Irakli Baramidze
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences, History, Diplomatic history, Modern Age, Interwar Period (1920 - 1939)
Published by: ბათუმის შოთა რუსთაველის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტი, ჰუმანიტარული მეცნიერებატა ფაკულტეტის აღმოსავლეთმცოდნეობის დეპარტამენტის „ელექტრონული ჟურნალი“.
Keywords: Kars; Turkey;

Summary/Abstract: On October 13, 1921, in Kars, representatives of the Soviet Azerbaijan, Soviet Armenia and Soviet Georgia – from one side, and Turkey – from other side, signed an agreement, which identified Turkey-Georgia border and laid the foundation for new neighboring relations. This was preceded by the Moscow Treaty on March 16 of the same year between Russia and Turkey, which included basic provisions that was reflected in the document signed in Kars. However the recognition of the terms of the Moscow Treaty in Kars confirmed by signatures the representatives of the government of Soviet Georgia, who did not express the will of the Georgian people and came to power in advance of the armed forces, by military aggression, the Treaty of Kars proved to be viable and after restoration of Independence of Georgia was recognized as the basis for new relations with Turkey.