276 Numaralı Mühimme-i Mektum Defterinin İncelenmesi ve Değerlendirilmesi
Author(s): Suha Oğuz Baytimur
The Examination and Evaluation of Muhimme-i Mektum Registration Book Number 276
Subject(s): History of Law, Criminology, Penology, 19th Century, The Ottoman Empire
Published by: Serkan YAZICI
Keywords: Muhimme-i Mektum Registration Book; Kal‘abend Registration Book; Crime; Punishment; Setting Free;
Summary/Abstract: The Muhimme-i Mektum Registration Book number 276, is included in the Muhimme Registration Books, which are among the written sources of the period, which have been inherited from the Ottoman Empire to the present day. In the registration book containing 44 pages, there are 133 provisions in total. Muhimme-i Mektum Registration Book number 276, which consists of two chapters, includes the provisions covering the years 1807-1810. While the provisions in the first chapter involve similar events with the classical muhimme-i mektum registration books, the provisions in the second chapter have the same content as the classifying registration of the kal'abend registration book. The provisions in the first chapter are about the cases that took place within the borders of the Ottoman Empire and the precautions should be taken against these cases. Here, administrative and social issues are mainly included. In the second chapter, the punitive executions belonging to the Ottoman Empire are included. In the registration book, the cases belonging to different regions are encountered. Therefore, the cases and issues belonging to different regions of the Ottoman Empire and the precautions taken against them can be understood from the provisions in the registration book. Generally, acts contrary to the laws and rules that occur, as well as cases that disturb the peace in the region and involve activities such as banditry, etc. are included in the provisions. The attitudes and behaviors of the Ottoman Empire in the face of these cases and the precautions taken with the aim of eliminating the issues are clearly seen in the provisions. In the precautions taken, the punishment of the criminals is intensely at the forefront. Punishments included in the provisions in the registration book are death sentence, hard labor (penalty applied by rowing on ships), kal'abend confinement (confinement in a fortress), monastic confinement, deportation and compulsory residence penalty.
- Issue Year: 6/2021
- Issue No: Spec. Iss.
- Page Range: 145-173
- Page Count: 29
- Language: Turkish