THE NATIONALIZATION OF PHILOSOPHY: CONSTRUCTING A BULGARIAN ‘NATIONAL ONTOLOGY’ IN THE INTERWAR PERIOD Cover Image
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THE NATIONALIZATION OF PHILOSOPHY: CONSTRUCTING A BULGARIAN ‘NATIONAL ONTOLOGY’ IN THE INTERWAR PERIOD
THE NATIONALIZATION OF PHILOSOPHY: CONSTRUCTING A BULGARIAN ‘NATIONAL ONTOLOGY’ IN THE INTERWAR PERIOD

Author(s): Balázs Trencsényi
Subject(s): Social Sciences
Published by: Centre for Advanced Study Sofia (CAS)

Summary/Abstract: The key problem of most of the social and political thought that emerged in Bulgaria from the late-nineteenth century up to the establishment of the post-WW II communist regime was the constantly evoked “paradox of development.” While civilizational advancement was the overall aim of the nation- building project,2 it also meant social differentiation, the collapse of the traditional life-world of the peasantry and of the entrepreneurial layer that emerged in the mid-nineteenth century using the economic structures of the Ottoman Empire. This posed a series of dilemmas concerning the identity of the community. On the one hand, modernization implied a growing distance between the emerging “nationalized” middle-class and the rural population; it also raised the question of how to transmit this “national” culture to the masses. On the other hand, it meant the relativizing of traditional role-models, threatening the newly-formed nation-state with apparent chaos caused by the permanent dislocation of the principal actors, leading to “misunderstood” forms and veritable mutations of the Western civilizational framework. [...]

  • Issue Year: 2007
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 1-19
  • Page Count: 19
  • Language: English