ETHICS BEYOND PHENOMENOLOGY AND ONTOLOGY? DERRIDEAN CRITIQUE OF LÉVINAS AS A NECESSARY READING FOR PEDAGOGY Cover Image
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ETYKA POZA FENOMENOLOGIĄ I ONTOLOGIĄ? GŁOS W SPRAWIE PEDAGOGICZNEGO FLIRTU Z EMMANUELEM LEVINASEM
ETHICS BEYOND PHENOMENOLOGY AND ONTOLOGY? DERRIDEAN CRITIQUE OF LÉVINAS AS A NECESSARY READING FOR PEDAGOGY

Author(s): Michał Kruszelnicki
Subject(s): Education
Published by: Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego
Keywords: etyka; ontologia; fenomenologia; Inny; Ten Sam; relacje etyczne; relacje asymetryczne; inny jako alter ego; intersubniektywność; radykalna zmiana

Summary/Abstract: This paper attempts to present the thought of Emmanuel Lévinas in the context of Jacques Derrida’s critics leveled in his widely celebrated essay Violence and Metaphysics. The author argues that pedagogical reading of Lévinas, often narrow and uncritical, must be supplemented by thorough reading of Derrida’s response which provides the unique possibility to encompass the great challenge that Lévinasian thought raised before traditional philosophy, ethics and before itself. Two parts of Derridean essay are referred to: one devoted to Lévinasian critique of Husserl’s phenomenology, and another one to his dialogue with Heidegger’s fundamental ontology. The author follows Derrida in claiming, contrary to Lévinas, that the other cannot be conceived of as nonphenomenality, that only seen as an alter ego, he can be respected in his otherness. Derrida uses the same method to win Heidegger over Lévinas showing that the latter unjustly reproaches Heidegger for making “Being” neutral and impersonal, in which the otherness shrinks. Derrida’s critique oscillates around the question: can any significant relation exist without acknowledging Heideggerian thought of being? Ultimately, the author contends that Lévinas’s great and eminent oeuvre has often been subjected to reductive pedagogical reflection and demands that from now on it be approached with more critical consciousness, for which a thinker as Lévinas fully deserves.

  • Issue Year: 207/2007
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 83-107
  • Page Count: 26
  • Language: Polish