Monsters, chimeras, masks or gods? Cover Image
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Monsters, chimeras, masks or gods?
Monsters, chimeras, masks or gods?

Author(s): Paweł Gołyźniak
Subject(s): Archaeology
Published by: KSIĘGARNIA AKADEMICKA Sp. z o.o.
Keywords: Bes; Constantine Schmidt-Ciążyński; Dionysos; double- -headed device; gems; intaglios; Phoenician scarabs; Silenus

Summary/Abstract: The National Museum in Krakow contains an outstanding set of gems collected by Constantine Schmidt-Ciążyński (1818-1889). Within this extensive group of objects, two very rare intaglios bearing a particular intriguing motif, the double-headed device, stand out from the rest. Since the very beginning, scholars have interpreted this kind of depiction differently and many different hypotheses have been drawn. This paper aims to explain the meaning of this strange iconography and from whence it originated.

  • Issue Year: 2013
  • Issue No: 17
  • Page Range: 191-202
  • Page Count: 12
  • Language: English