Is the 'First Bulgarian Film' Balgarskata Armiya (Bulgarian Army) First and Bulgarian? Cover Image
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Първи и български ли е „първият български филм" „Българската армия"?
Is the 'First Bulgarian Film' Balgarskata Armiya (Bulgarian Army) First and Bulgarian?

Author(s): Peter Kardjilov
Subject(s): Theatre, Dance, Performing Arts
Published by: Институт за изследване на изкуствата, Българска академия на науките

Summary/Abstract: Short newsreels have been made in Bulgaria in 1903 and in 1904, in 1906 and in 1908 and in 1909... But for year one of the Bulgarian cinema the year 1910 is officially accepted. Because it is supposed that the films shot before that time were made by foreigners (for most of them this is true) and also because in 1910 a couple of titles emerge which (at least it is claimed so) marked the beginning of regular film production in Bulgaria. That year one has also its first film - the newsreel The Bulgarian Army, shown from 5 to 8 April 1910 in the Sofia cinema house Modern Theater, but also on 11 to 15 September that same year at the same cinema. The film's title is first announced in 1960 by Alexander Alexandrov while in 1980 the same author announces The Bulgarian Army as "the first Bulgarian film" - a hypothesis which a number of academic encyclopedias and publications legitimized as an official academic thesis. But when it was first shown the film The Bulgarian Army was advertised in the papers only as a 'pictures', while in September as 'shot' by the cinema house Moderen Teatar. The reaction of the press to the April and September shows was also different. This information as well as the data discovered by the author Petar Kardzilov during his research of the last few years forms a sound basis to presume that these are two different films regardless of the same title. It is also quite possible that only one of them was the work of Bulgrian filmmaers, which means that the other is a foreign production (most probably a British one).

  • Issue Year: 2009
  • Issue No: 5
  • Page Range: 29-39
  • Page Count: 11
  • Language: Bulgarian