Author(s): Dalia Čiočytė
Subject(s): Literary Texts
Published by: Vilniaus Universiteto Leidykla

Summary/Abstract: The biography of Julija Beniuševičiūtė-Žymantie¬nė – Žemaitė (1845–1921), one of the greatest Lithu¬anian Realists, has got a broad accent of feminist ac¬tivity. Some short stories written by Žemaitė express feminist ideas with publicistic pathos (In Town, „Mieste“, 1905, Mister Zigmantas, „Ponas Zigman¬tas“, and others). In her short story Eve („Ieva“) Že¬maitė presents an interesting ironic interpretation of the biblical archetype. Žemaitė’s best literary visions of women’s infelicity varies the topos of a quiet / silent / silenced woman and interestingly imply some gap between feminist ideology and literary meaning. In the short stories The Daughter-in-Law („Marti“, 1896), They Didn’t Have a Good Mother („Neturėjo geros motinos“, 1895) the reason of misfortunes se¬ems to be deeper than just women being oppressed by men in the patriarchal society. The patriarchal op¬pression of women is constructed as a metonymy of the philosophical evil. The short story Sutkai (1897) may be interpreted as a literary vision of a feminine utopia: woman’s identity here is defined rather as wholeness than “otherness”.

  • Issue Year: 51/2009
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 49-56
  • Page Count: 8
  • Language: Lithuanian