„Międzynarodowe życie rzeczy" w świetle „międzynarodowego życia osób"
'International life of things' in the light of the 'international life of persons'
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences
Published by: Uniwersytet Adama Mickiewicza
Keywords: International life of things ; international life of persons; thing; person; subject; object; Ockham; nominalism; Richelieu; the concept of sovereignty; Descartes; the concept of autonomy; autonomy of the individual; subjectivity-objectivity
Summary/Abstract: The text emphasises that in European culture, the terms 'thing' and 'person', as well as 'subject and 'object', alongside their synonyms, have been changing their meanings, or rather acquiring new ones. Particular attention is given to the presentation of the following: 1. the transformation of the language used in the late Middle Ages which was most likely to have facilitated the modern transformation in thinking about the state and the individual (Ockham, nominalism); 2. parallelism of the modern concept of the state as subject (Richelieu, the concept of sovereignty) and the modern concept of the individual as subject (Descartes, the concept of autonomy). It is also indicated that since the 17th century the belief in the sovereignty of the state has alternated with the autonomy of the individual. Consequently, various types of objectification (for example, when individuals' powers are diminished for the sake of the state, or the other way around). Describing the relations of subjectivity-objectivity and subjectifi-cation-objectification their flagrantly dichotomous nature is emphasised, which has entrenched itself as a consequence of European logic. It is also stressed, however, that relentlessly contrasting 'subjects' with 'objects' and 'things' with 'persons' continues to constitute one of the foundations of Europeanness.
- Issue Year: 2014
- Issue No: 4
- Page Range: 33-53
- Page Count: 21