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GESTALT THEORY: HISTORY, PRINCIPLE ASSUMPTIONS AND RESEARCH FIELDS
GESTALT THEORY: HISTORY, PRINCIPLE ASSUMPTIONS AND RESEARCH FIELDS

Author(s): Hellmuth Metz-Göckel
Subject(s): Philosophy
Published by: Instytut Filozofii i Socjologii Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Keywords: development of Gestalt theory; perception; problem solving; motivation; synergetics; language; culture.

Summary/Abstract: The article reveals the general idea of Gestalt theory, its basic assumptions and their development over around 100 years, concentrating on the most important research findings. Features of the theory and findings of the first generation of Gestaltists are presented, including laws of perception, problem solving and motivation, social cognition. The developments in the last decades of the 20th century comprise contrariness as a perceptual feature and connections to modern system theory, especially to synergetics which offers new insights to existing findings. Also some new ideas explaining the joke structure and its consequences on amusement and laughter are presented. New developments of the possibility of application of Gestalt theoretical principles to topics like language, culture and organizational development are shortly mentioned. Further research activities in these domains are expected. The author intends to show that Gestalt Theory is a wide, productive approach with vital developmental potential.

  • Issue Year: 2015
  • Issue No: 4
  • Page Range: 21-36
  • Page Count: 16