First Five-Year Plan and Student Scholarship Awarding in Serbia (1947–1951) Cover Image

First Five-Year Plan and Student Scholarship Awarding in Serbia (1947–1951)

Author(s): Dragomir Bondžić
Subject(s): History
Published by: Institut za noviju istoriju Srbije
Keywords: First Five-Year Plan in Serbia; scholarship; Five-year Personnel Plan

Summary/Abstract: After the Second World War Yugoslav authorities paid a great attention to student scholarship awarding process. It became highly apparent in 1947 when the First Five-Year Plan was adopted. It determined the exact number and specialty of experts to be educated by higher education institutions in the period to come. There was a tendency to attain more different objectives through mass awarding, planned distribution and larger amount of funds allocated for scholarships to support students in completing their studies faster than usual and stimulate them to choose profession within economy domain; encourage enrollment to the faculties that were more important for planned economy; make impact on changing of student social structure as well as on future intelligence for the benefit of labourers and farmers. In the period after 1947 educational authorities put additional efforts to attain these objectives: the system was centralized, the legislation was adopted and large investments were made into student scholarship awarding system. Such policy resulted in a high increase of scholarship holders number, but other objectives still were not attained: the enrollment at some faculties was under projected quotas, student social structure was being changed slowly, and a great number of students, even scholarship holders, neither passed exams on a regular basis nor completed their studies within projected deadline. All these circumstances hindered the realisation of „Five-year Personnel Plan”. Numerous omissions and irregularities were made in scholarship awarding criteria and procedures. The revisions of scholarship awarding procedures, decentralisation process and amending of legislation failed in correcting omissions and the efficiency rate of completing studies was not increased. In the early fifties, at the time of abandoning Five-year Plan and deep social-political and economic changes, the scholarship awarding system was radically changed and tailored in accordance with new circumstances.

  • Issue Year: 2006
  • Issue No: 1-2
  • Page Range: 193-211
  • Page Count: 19
  • Language: Serbian