Problems of Formation of Banking Sector Resource Base of Belarus Cover Image

Проблемы формирования ресурсной базы банковского сектора республики Беларусь
Problems of Formation of Banking Sector Resource Base of Belarus

Author(s): Lyudmila Fedosenko, Larisa Marchenko, Maria Minchukova
Subject(s): Economy, National Economy, Business Economy / Management, Micro-Economics, Financial Markets, Public Finances, Socio-Economic Research
Published by: Кіровоградський національний технічний університет
Keywords: resource base; resource potential; deposit base; equity; bank borrowed funds; banking system; regulatory capital; share capital

Summary/Abstract: The article analysis the advance of Belarusian banks recourse base to single out its “problem sphere“ and to develop key directions for its development. It is noted that an important condition for the expansion of the operations carried out by banks, improve the quality of banking services, improve the functional role of the banking system in economic and social development of the country is to increase the resource base as from internal and external sources. As the result of the research we state, that despite the finance sources multiformity, the financing amount for the development of innovational economy is not enough. Currently, the banking system of the Republic of Belarus is seen as a key supplier of financing the economy. The resource base of banks have traditionally provided their own and attracted resources. The bulk of the resources of the bank makes the funds raised, the size of which in recent years has steadily increased. Analysis showed that the borrowed funds grew at a faster rate than the bank's own resources. Equity, despite the small proportion of the resource base, provides the financial stability of banks and their ability to pay. The banking system of the Republic of Belarus is moderately capitalized, allowing partially neutralize the risks of potential deterioration in asset quality. Designated major issues of its formation, based on the characteristics of the current stage of economic development: the deposit base of Belarusian banks unstable, because it represented the bulk of short-term deposits and demand deposits; reduce the attractiveness of investing in the banking system for non-residents; banking system does not have sufficient resources for economic development. It is noted that the Belarusian financial market is underdeveloped, and the interbank market is characterized as shallow. Proposed to develop the institutional structure of the financial market of the Republic of Belarus with the aim of increasing the number of alternative suppliers of loan capital.