Editing of Simonas Daukantas: Later Corrections in “History of the Lithuanian Lowlands”  (1828–1834) Cover Image

Simono Daukanto redagavimas: vėlesnieji „Istorijos žemaitiškos“ (1828–1834) taisymai
Editing of Simonas Daukantas: Later Corrections in “History of the Lithuanian Lowlands” (1828–1834)

Author(s): Giedrius Subačius
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies, Historical Linguistics, Baltic Languages, Philology
Published by: Vytauto Didžiojo Universitetas
Keywords: History of editing; History of orthography; Orthographic variation; Social history of the Lithuanian language; History of Simonas Daukantas’s manuscript History of the Lithuanian Lowlands;

Summary/Abstract: Simonas Daukantas’s manuscript “History of the Lithuanian Lowlands” (Istoryje Ƶemaytyszka, IƵ; 1828–1834, preserved at the Library of the Institute of Lithuanian Literature and Folklore in Vilnius, over 1100 pages in folio) is considered a fair copy; nevertheless it contains certain corrections by the author. Daukantas’s original manuscript was rewritten (recopied) by Juozapas Butavicius (Bt) at the Bernardine Monastery of Kretinga before May 17, 1835. Daukantas’s corrections in his manuscript may be divided into two groups: (1) the earlier changes that were transferred to Butavicius’s copy, and (2) the later corrections that were inserted after the original manuscript had reached Daukantas’s hands following Butavicius’s rewriting. This article is devoted to these later corrections by Daukantas. Orthographic peculiarities modified in later corrections may be grouped into four strata: (1) perhaps 1842–1845 (f. 1v–1v), approximate time of composing the book Budas senoves lietuviu kalnenu ir žemaiciu (On the Character of Ancient Lithuanians, both Highlanders and Lowlanders), printed in 1845; (2) perhaps about 1846 (f. 47v, 49r–53v); (3) about 1850–1854 (f. 56v–110v); 4) also about 1850–1854 (f. 155r–519r; but later than the third stratum). The intention of the first and the second stratum of corrections was to reshape the earlier orthography he used in I Ƶ, these strata being added during the St. Petersburg period in Daukantas’s life. Daukantas introduced the third and the fourth stratum at the time he was compiling his Pasakojimas apie veikalus lietuviu tautos senoveje (Story of the Deeds of the Lithuanian Nation in Ancient Times; 1850–1854), most likely after he returned to Lithuania from St. Petersburg. The intention of corrections here was different—to revise some thoughts, to correct some mistakes and inaccuracies.

  • Issue Year: 2017
  • Issue No: 67
  • Page Range: 69-103
  • Page Count: 35
  • Language: Lithuanian