Текст как предмет этнолингвистики
Author(s): Stanisława Niebrzegowska-Bartmińska
Text as an object of ethnolinguistic inquiry
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies
Published by: VšĮ Šiaulių universiteto leidykla
Keywords: ethnolinguistic text analysis; naive conceptualization of text; reconstruction of the concept of ‘text’; cognitive definition; conceptual metaphors; parametrization of the linguistic picture of text; global conceptualization of text.
Summary/Abstract: The article focuses on one issue of ethnolinguistic text analysis, namely on the naive conceptualization of text. Two procedures are employed for the purpose: 1) the reconstruction of the concept by means of Bartmiński’s cognitive definition; 2) the description of text within the framework of Maćkiewicz’s conceptual metaphors. The data come from the language system, such as dictionary definitions, etymology, phraseological units and the semantics of derivatives. The parametrization of the linguistic picture of text (the cognitive structure of the concept ‘text’) is constituted by the following facets: etymology; text styles, varieties and genres; the speaker/author; the process of text creation and manipulation; the distribution of texts; the receiver; the circumstances, time and place in which a given text is used; its structure and composition; length; subject matter; features; language; text as a subject matter of scientific inquiry. The global conceptualization of text constitutes the basis for numerous conceptual metaphors in Polish. An attempt is made to answer the question: “In terms of what is text conceptualized?”. Language data reveal that it is conceptualized as a fabric, metal object, dish (food), building, weapon, fruit or harvest, work of fine art, musical work, child. A comparison of the cognitive definition of text and a description of text in terms of models of metaphor leads one to conclude that the former yields the full picture of the concept, whereas the latter selects and augments some of its aspects. Therefore, metaphors can be treated as ‘views’ on the concept, as its profiles in the understanding of Lublin ethnolinguistic school.
- Issue Year: 2005
- Issue No: 10
- Page Range: 121-129
- Page Count: 9
- Language: Russian