Definition as Medium in Scholastic Theory of Science Cover Image

Apibrėžimas Kaip Medija Scholastinėje Mokslo Teorijoje
Definition as Medium in Scholastic Theory of Science

Author(s): Vytis Valatka
Subject(s): Logic, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science, Cognitive Psychology
Published by: Visuomeninė organizacija »LOGOS«
Keywords: medium; scholastic logic; modern logic; instrument of science; definition;

Summary/Abstract: The article investigates the second cognitive media of the scholastic theory of science, i. e., definition. The author of the article compares the scholastic and contemporary conceptions of definition, scrutinizes the distinction between the definition and the unmediated simple intellective apprehension of the universal nature, and also reveals the relation between definition and demonstration. The article concludes that within the framework of the scholastic theory of science, the definition was considered a more perfect scientific tool than demonstration. On the other hand, the scholastics emphasized that perfect scientific cognition requires both cognitive media. According to them, one can reach, retain and communicate the full-scale of scientific knowledge only by combining and connecting definition and demonstration.

  • Issue Year: 2014
  • Issue No: 81
  • Page Range: 62-69
  • Page Count: 8
  • Language: Lithuanian