Female Types in V.P. Meshchersky’s Publicistic and Fictional Works Cover Image

. Женские типы в публицистических и художественных произведениях В.П. Мещерского
Female Types in V.P. Meshchersky’s Publicistic and Fictional Works

Author(s): Yu.B. Avdonina, G.I. Shcherbakova
Subject(s): Russian Literature, 19th Century
Published by: Казанский (Приволжский) федеральный университет
Keywords: issue of women’s rights; role of women in society; image of Russian woman; commoners and nihilists; family as state stronghold; moral principles; V.P. Meshchersky;

Summary/Abstract: Female types in the publicistic and fictional works of V.P. Meshchersky (1839–1914), the publisher and editor of the “Grazhdanin” journal and the same-named newspaper, have been analyzed. The influence of romanticist and realistic principles, aesthetic and moral principles has been identified. The role of the conservative ideology supported by V.P. Meshchersky has been determined. The paper discusses the half-forgotten works of the author that were published in the 1870s and have not been reprinted for a long time. These works are “Women of St. Petersburg’s Haut Monde” (1874–1879), “Notes of a High-School Student Who Shot Himself” (1875), “Conventionalist’s Speeches” (1876), “Secrets of Contemporary St. Petersburg” (1876–1877), “Caucasian Travel Diary” (1878), “Petya Skuratov” (1878), etc. As a result of the study, the following types have been singled out in the system of female images: angel women, a loyal friend and faithful helper; noble woman, in particular a socialite longing for being totally worshiped; selfish nihilist forgotten about her natural mission; reclaimed woman who turned to the Christian patriarchal traditions.