"NASCITURUS PRO IAM NATO HABETUR QUOTIENS DE COMMODIS EIUS AGITUR". РИМСКОТО ПРАВИЛО И СЪВРЕМЕННОТО МУ ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ
"NASCITURUS PRO IAM NATO HABETUR QUOTIENS DE COMMODIS EIUS AGITUR". THE ROMAN RULE AND ITS CONTEMPORARY APPLICATION

Author(s): Malina Novkirishka-Stoyanova
Subject(s): Law, Constitution, Jurisprudence, Criminal Law, Civil Law, Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Law and Transitional Justice, Canon Law / Church Law, EU-Legislation
Published by: Софийски университет »Св. Климент Охридски«
Keywords: Nasciturus; human embryo; person; curator ventris; successio; pater familias;

Summary/Abstract: The report presents the rule "Nasciturus pro iam nato habetur quotiens of commodis eius agitur" as it exists in Roman legal texts in relation to the ancient Greco-Roman concept of personae, different from that which we conceive today. In this context, the capacity of human embryo to be subject of right comes from social, religious, medical, moral and especially legal recognition. We discuss some of the heritage aspects of this rule, as well as the issues of early human life, abortion, infanticide and murder of pregnant women, recognition of the newborn by the father, State, etc. Some decisions of the Roman jurisprudence are surprisingly topical and are part of many discussions on its bioethical and legal aspects.

  • Issue Year: 2017
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 18-49
  • Page Count: 32
  • Language: Bulgarian