An Instable Stability. PZPR about Science (1956–1970) Cover Image
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Niestabilna stabilizacja. PZPR wobec nauki (1956–1970)
An Instable Stability. PZPR about Science (1956–1970)

Author(s): Tadeusz Paweł Rutkowski
Subject(s): Cultural Essay, Political Essay, Societal Essay
Published by: Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego
Keywords: pzpr; science; pan; gomulka

Summary/Abstract: November 1956 brought about significant changes in organization of Polish science and in the form of controlling it by PZPR authorities. After 1957 the politics went more severe to reach a peak in the year 1964–1968. It caused protests among old professors as well as among the ones who were the party members. Thus the authorities became more and more ineffective. After students’ protests widely supported by academic circles in 1968, the authorities used administrative methods, closing some faculties and institutes at Warsaw University, introducing a new act on higher education, transforming PAN and dismissing the most politically engaged scientists from the academy. The bad effect for science was weakened by problems within PZPR and by the economic crisis in Poland, which ended up with the decline of W. Gomułka’s cabinet in 1970. It resulted in smaller personal changes in science (apart from emigration of some scientists), though it strengthened the authorities’ influence on personal choices for high executive positions and on generation changes at the highest positions in science.

  • Issue Year: 407/2006
  • Issue No: 04
  • Page Range: 55-69
  • Page Count: 15
  • Language: Polish