Philosophy as Logic and Metaphysics: Systematic and Methodological Superiority over Science, Theology and Religion Cover Image
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Философията като логика и метафизика – системно и методологично превъзходство над науката, теологията и религията
Philosophy as Logic and Metaphysics: Systematic and Methodological Superiority over Science, Theology and Religion

Philosophy, Religion, Science and Worldview/Weltansicht

Author(s): Stefan Penov
Subject(s): Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion
Published by: Институт за изследвания на обществата и знанието при БАН
Keywords: philosophy; logic; metaphysics; religion; theology; science; worldview; substance; subject; epistemology; dialectical logic

Summary/Abstract: Philosophy and religion can synthesize a comprehensive worldview and penetrate into otherwise inaccessible areas of transcendent science. The task of science is to deal with natural revelations; that of religion, to deal with the supernatural and the religious cult. Philosophy explores both. Only in conjunction with philosophy, can religion answer the question: Why is there anything at all? What's the point of life? Only philosophy can indicate the place of man in the hierarchy of being. Religion needs the achievements of science and philosophy in order to create a holistic, mentally integrated, view of the world. Science is an endless path without final results. It deals only with external experience. It is divided into sectors and can not cover the world globally, and the scientist excludes him/herself as a subject from the cognitive process. A worldview is a personal position that can be shared by others, but another’s worldview is never identical to mine. Worldview deals with questions like, “man, God and the world”; spirit, matter, soul and body; value assessments; a picture of the world; business and ethical positions – what to DO and what NOT to do; existentially significant personal values and ontological truths: What is the point of existence? What is the fate of the person and the world, is there a path for man after death? Ideology is a social, class, caste or group position based on the interests of group members. The philosophy of religion is reflected in religion as an object. Religious philosophy is an independent direction of study and develops complete systems in synchronicity or diachronicity with theology. The basic principle of the relationship between philosophy and theology, between religion and science is that the two represent correlative but different sets of non-conducible, inalienable nonformal elements, which include respective worldviews, logic, methods, languages, value systems. Thus, philosophy based on the principle of dialectical logic (the third as an ontologically preset truth and the epistemological peak in knowledge and thinking) is the substance-subject that is the truth of both, taking them to the level of its own elements, or is a common subject of two contradictory predicates.

  • Issue Year: XXVIII/2019
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 5-21
  • Page Count: 17
  • Language: English, Bulgarian