ГЕНЕРАЛ СВЕТОМИР ЦВИЈОВИЋ О БОЈУ КОД СМЕДЕРЕВА 1914. ПРИЛОГ РАЗУМЕВАЊУ ЈЕДНЕ ИСТОРИОГРАФСКЕ ПОЛЕМИКЕ И ПОКУШАЈА СТВАРАЊА НАЦИОНАЛНОГ МИТА
GENERAL SVETOMIR CVIJOVIC ABOUT BATTLE NEAR SMEDEREVO 1914. CONTRIBUTION TO UNDERSTANDING ONE HISTORICAL POLEMIC AND ATTEMPTS TO CREATE A NATIONAL MYTH.
Subject(s): Military history, Pre-WW I & WW I (1900 -1919)
Published by: Institut za strategijska istraživanja
Keywords: Serbia; Austro – Hungary; First World War; Smederevo; Danube; 1914, Army
Summary/Abstract: In the moments after the end of the Battle of the Drina, when the withdrawal of the main part of the operative part of the Serbian army to the Valjevske posts began, the command of the AustroHungarian Armed Forces, in anticipation of the final victory over the Serb army, decided to undertake a risky move related to the execution of the desant near Smederevo with the aim of mastering the bridge at the confluence of the Velika Morava and threats to the direction of the Velikomoravska Valley lead to the interior of Serbia. In the beginning, a desirable operation of the AustroHungarian army was favorable due to the effect of surprise and the use of weaker parts of the Serbian army. After clarifying the situation, collecting the majority of Serb forces in geographically dominant positions and arriving at fresh troops from the reserve of the Branicevo detachment, a successful counterattack was made, resulting in a complete defeat of the AustroHungarian units. The largest part of the AustroHungarian troops that failed to retreat across the Danube was captured. The counterattack included two recruits coys from the Vardar Division, which in the following period were especially used for political and propaganda purposes. The reluctance of the merit of the Vardar regrutes for the victory of the Serbian army in that color in relation to the multiple number of troops of the third call successfully held by the AustroHungarian attack and then made up more than 90% of Serbian troops during the counterattack that followed, opened a controversy among the participants of the events. The memories of the commander of "thirdliners" of Lieutenant Colonel Svetomir Cvijovic were given to former War Minister General Dusan Stefanovic in general with the necessary comments in order to shed light on the events at Smederevo in the autumn of 1914.
- Issue Year: 2018
- Issue No: 1
- Page Range: 201-228
- Page Count: 28
- Language: English