Migration – risks for sustainable development in the EU countries Cover Image

Миграцията – рискове за устойчивото развитие в страните на Европейския съюз
Migration – risks for sustainable development in the EU countries

Author(s): Tode Todev
Subject(s): Social Sciences, Economy, Supranational / Global Economy
Published by: Сдружение „Академия за иновации и устойчивост“
Keywords: challenges; immigration; risks; sustainability
Summary/Abstract: Oversight or deliberate omission, but the United Nations program to eradicate poverty and achieve sustainable development in 2030 is not consistent with ongoing and gaining speed migration. This program is not consistent with the increasing importance of one factor whose impact on the European continent, and especially the member states of the European Union, will grow. This factor is immigration. Immigration is a global phenomenon. On the one hand, it is a result of globalization, on the other hand, it is due to the existence of dictatorial regimes, civil wars, military conflicts, etc., where the life of the individual is at real risk. Problems associated with the unprecedented in scale and intensity immigration is the biggest challenge for the European Union since its creation. What distinguishes the current wave of emigration from the previous along with the number of immigrants is that it is uncontrollable and it is difficult to predict its development. Risks associated with the mass immigration in the European Union are numerous and their impact and influence on the development of society and economy are still insufficiently explored. In the most general migration processes are associated with the following risks: a sharp increase in social tension in host countries; emergence of parallel societies which constitute one of the main obstacles to integration of immigrants; extremely high costs of integration of immigrants overloading the social system with all the ensuing consequences for financial stability in host countries; sharp increase of centrifugal forces and the associated danger of undermining the foundations of the European Union; dramatically increase the terrorist threat as a result of inefficient integration and immigration policy. The proposed measures to solve the problems caused by immigration are palliative in nature. It is noteworthy that the political and ruling elites in the countries of the European Union and its institutions focus their efforts primarily on reducing the severity of the problems associated with immigration, but not to their cardinal decision to eliminate the causes of this unprecedented in modern history migration. Current study makes the conclusion that the problem of migration can only be solved by economic way.