Education Outcomes from Migration and Remittances in Albania and Macedonia Cover Image

Education Outcomes from Migration and Remittances in Albania and Macedonia
Education Outcomes from Migration and Remittances in Albania and Macedonia

Author(s): Specified No Author
Subject(s): Gender Studies, Civil Society, Governance, School education, State/Government and Education, Migration Studies, Sociology of Education
Published by: Analytica
Keywords: Migration; education; remittances; Albania; North Macedonia; school attainment; education policy; gender balance education; gender inequality;
Summary/Abstract: This study looks at the impact of migration and remittances on the educational outcomes of the children left behind. The paper analyses this impact by examining the cases of Albania and Macedonia, countries that have experienced substantial outward migration. The paper tests the hypothesis of whether migration and remittances have a positive effect on the children's education. To test this hypothesis and the mechanism by which migration and remittances affect children’s schooling, empirical specifications were used, including a fixed effect model and an ordered probit model, which analysed the effect of parental remittances and migration experience on the educational level of children generally and for girls’ and boys’ education levels separately. The study uses the most recent empirical surveys conducted in Albania and Macedonia that gathered information on the socio-demographic characteristics of children, migration by household members, household income and expenditures, as well as remittances and their allocation to household consumption. The paper shows that parental experiences of migration have an important effect on the educational attainment of children in both Albania and Macedonia, whereas remittances only have a significant effect on the education status of children in Albania. The results of this study demonstrate that, in the case of Albania, having a migrant parent and remittances more positively affect the education of girls than of boys. This difference in the case of Macedonia is insignificant. The main message for policy makers is that providing a more gender balanced education supply would reduce gender inequalities in terms of years of schooling and educational attainment.

  • Page Count: 49
  • Publication Year: 2013
  • Language: English