Oriental Structures in Kruševac from the Ottoman Conquest to the end of the 16th Century Cover Image

Оријенталне грађевине Крушевца од османског освајања до краја XVI века
Oriental Structures in Kruševac from the Ottoman Conquest to the end of the 16th Century

Author(s): Dragana Amedoski
Subject(s): History
Published by: Istorijski institut, Beograd
Keywords: Kruševac; vakuf; mosque; hamam; city court; zaviya; mesjid; meqteb; caravansaray

Summary/Abstract: Little is known about how Kruševac looked in the first six or seven decades of the Ottoman rule, as well as about the number or religious structure of its inhabitants. In order to reconstruct the urban structure of Oriental Kruševac, we used six censuses of the Kruševac Sanjak between 1516 and 1584, four of which include the lists of vakufs. Based on the censuses, we could conclude that, during 16th century, Kruševac was a small city with Muslim majority. The construction of the first important Islamic architectural objects in Kruševac, the mosque and the hamam of Sultan Murat II, could be dated to the first Ottoman government, between 1427 and 1444. Among the official buildings, there was also the city courthouse and adjacent objects, built immediately after the conquest, to serve judges. In the early period of the Ottoman government, two more important structures were constructed, built by the two Krajina commanders, the zaviya of the Akinji commander Ali-Bey Mihaloglou, and the mejlid of the Firgus-Aga. One of the most important vakufs, endowed by a Haji, and composed of mesjod, meqteb, and caravan saray, was formed in the first decades of the 16th century. Around 1535, three new mesjids and zaviyas were constructed — the Mustafa son of Kulak mesjid, the qehaya Mahmoud mesjid, and the mesjid and zaviya of Emir Mahmoud. Even though the number of inhabitants continue to decrease, the urban structure of the city is completely formed by the 1536 census. Up to 1570s, of the new objects, we note only a mekhteb of Mehmed son of Murat, and a mosque of a Haji Ibrahim.

  • Issue Year: 2007
  • Issue No: 55
  • Page Range: 157-169
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: Serbian