English Studies in Romanian Higher Education: A Brief Diachronic View Cover Image
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English Studies in Romanian Higher Education: A Brief Diachronic View
English Studies in Romanian Higher Education: A Brief Diachronic View

Author(s): Mihaela Irimia
Subject(s): Cultural Essay, Political Essay, Societal Essay
Published by: Editura Universitatii LUCIAN BLAGA din Sibiu
Keywords: English; English Department; English Studies; academic subject; political; professionalization; cultural(ist); interdisciplinary

Summary/Abstract: The first quarter of the twentieth century saw the birth and institutionalization of the academic subject English Studies in Romania, with Iaşi (1917), Cluj (1921) and Bucharest (1936) hosting English Departments as an absolute novelty in a French-oriented culture. English gradually turned into more than merely a means or vehicle to introduce English literature to Romanian students, to be curbed in the late 1940s through the 1950s, on political grounds. The 1960s defreeze resulted in a wider and more relaxed selection of texts and methods, with Structuralism as the obvious novelty on board. The 1970s encouraged growing professionalization, then the 1980s made political pressure obvious as national communism became more and more the daily reality in education as well. Post-1989 English Studies has been basically content-geared and markedly of the culturalist type. Cultural Studies became an academic subject of prestige and esteem in the early 1990s, taught and researched at all levels, from the undergraduate to the doctoral one. Interdisciplinarity is now a sine qua non. English-speaking culture has broadened its territory in the curricula, to include distinct American, Canadian, Australian, Irish and Scottish segments, as well as Postcolonial Studies. This paper looks at the sea change which has accompanied English Studies since its foundation as a distinct discipline in the Romanian academe.

  • Issue Year: 2010
  • Issue No: 14
  • Page Range: 26-38
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: English