Migration pressure to the Balkans and the tendency of new identities appearans in Bulgaria Cover Image
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Миграционният натиск към Балканите и тенденцията за поява на нови идентичности в България
Migration pressure to the Balkans and the tendency of new identities appearans in Bulgaria

Author(s): Spas Tashev
Subject(s): Social Sciences, Sociology, Social development, Social differentiation, Migration Studies, Ethnic Minorities Studies, Sociology of Politics, Globalization
Published by: Институт за изследване на населението и човека - Българска академия на науките
Keywords: Migration pressure; migration route; illegal immigration; refugees; asylum; identity

Summary/Abstract: The main theoretical elaborations on migration pressure have been analyzed in this article and its working definition has been offered. The migration pressure to Europe applied along the Eastern Mediterranean migration route, passing alternatively through Greece or Bulgaria, is considered. It was concluded that this is a main migration route to the EU and for the period 2009 – 2014, 32.7 % of the registered illegal immigrants in the EU have passed along it. The main countries of origin are Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq. This fact determines the type of the illegal immigrants in Bulgaria. Out of 39492 people that sought asylum in Bulgaria for the period 1993 - 2014, the applications of 15774 people have been granted or 39.9% of all applicants. A prognosis has been made that during the period 2015 - 2025, considering the expected increase of the working age population in Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq with another 16 million people and the difficulties of the national economies to create a corresponding number of jobs, a new surplus labor force will be created, which will increase the migration pressure on the Eastern Mediterranean migration route. This in turn will lead to continuing the trend of appearance of new identities in Bulgaria and the Balkans.

  • Issue Year: 2015
  • Issue No: 4
  • Page Range: 21-41
  • Page Count: 21
  • Language: Bulgarian