Modernization of reproductive behavior of noblewomen in the second half of XIX — the beginning of the XX c. Cover Image

Модернизация репродуктивного поведения образованных россиянок второй половины XIX — начала XX в.
Modernization of reproductive behavior of noblewomen in the second half of XIX — the beginning of the XX c.

Author(s): Natalja Lvovna Pushkareva, Natalja Aleksandrovna Mitsyuk
Subject(s): Social Sciences, Gender Studies, Cultural history, Gender history, Cultural Anthropology / Ethnology, Behaviorism, Social development, Rural and urban sociology, Sociology of Culture, 19th Century, Pre-WW I & WW I (1900 -1919), Sociology of Education
Published by: Ивановский государственный университет
Keywords: history of motherhood; history of childbearing; noblewomеn; abortion; contraception; birth control;

Summary/Abstract: Authors reveal the main trends in reproductive behavior of noblewomen in the second half of XIX and the beginning of the XX c. The noblewomen are in the center of the research, because the modernization of reproductive behavior was the most pronounced in this social stratum. The study is based on the women’s private documents, case histories and cases described by physicians.Among approaches and methods employed one should mention the following: socio-constructivist, micro history, gender history, social and cultural anthropology, biographical method, case studies.Modernization of Russian society, the destruction of the patriarchal family,emancipation, availability of new areas for gender identity in the second half of the XIX c. contributed to the creation of a new type of mating behavior of noblewomen.It was the revolutionary process of autonomization of sexual and procreative behavior of noblewomen. Rationalization of reproductive behavior was reflected in significant reduction of births, increasing the age of marriage and the age of first pregnancy, widespread dissemination of contraception.A new type of fertility was formed very quickly — within one generation.The reduction of births in woman’s life in terms of social construction of“conscious motherhood” led to the growth of maternal roles value in female perception and dissemination of child centrism. Planning of a family became an important component of the Russian noble families. Sexual life of a married woman became more and more independent of her reproductive abilities.

  • Issue Year: 2016
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 73-89
  • Page Count: 17
  • Language: Russian