КОНСТРУЮВАННЯ ОБРАЗУ УКРАЇНСЬКОЇ ТРАДИЦІЙНОЇ КУЛЬТУРИ В ЕТНОГРАФІЧНОМУ ДИСКУРСІ ХІХ ст.
THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE UKRAINIAN TRADITIONAL CULTURE IMAGE IN ETHNOGRAPHICAL DISCOURSE OF THE XIX с.
Subject(s): Cultural history, Ethnohistory, Period(s) of Nation Building
Published by: Видавництво «Одеський національний університет І.І.Мечникова»
Keywords: traditional culture; ethnographical discourse; historiography of Ukrainian ethnology;
Summary/Abstract: In the late XVIIIth and during the XIXth centuries an active ethnographical discourse about Ukrainian traditional culture was proceeded. As a result of this process we have the strong image of the ethnic specificity of Ukrainians by their culture. The author analyses, how this image grew up during the work of professional and non-professional ethnographers. The main source is fundamental bibliographical edition “The literature of Ukrainian folklore”, compared by B. Hrinchenko in 1901. The author uses the method of content analysis and makes such conclusions: representation of Ukrainian traditional culture in the ethnographical discourse of XIX ct. was incomplete and created according to the researchers` tasks. The representation was incomplete because of priority positioning among sources (some genres of non-functional and ritual folklore were the most “popular”)and because of tendentious approach to their heuristic opportunities(by giving the preference for description in opposite to generalization and explanation), and because of specific political purposes of the Imperia or national movement, first of all – education and socialization of members of the posttraditional, industrial society. Finally created image have begun to perceive as primordial practices of Ukrainian peasants and became the important component of Ukrainian modern nation identity.The dynamics of researchers` attention is also considered: from a romantic interest, even decorated by idyllic motifs from “higher”cultures in the beginning of the XIXth ct., to the more systematically publications in the second part of the century. Such publications were under strong influence of European methodologies, popular at that time (positivism, evolutionism, mythological school etc.).
- Issue Year: 2016
- Issue No: 27
- Page Range: 52-66
- Page Count: 15
- Language: Ukrainian