Організація діяльності Павленківських бібліотек
Kиївським товариством грамотності у 1900–1907 рр.
The organization of activity Pavlovian libraries by Kyiv literacy society in 1900–1907
Subject(s): Education, Cultural history, Library operations and management, Pre-WW I & WW I (1900 -1919)
Published by: Національна академія керівних кадрів культури і мистецтв
Keywords: history of Library science; public libraries; Pavlenkov libraries; library activities; cultural and educational activities; F. Pavlenkov; Kyiv Literacy Society; Ukraine;
Summary/Abstract: Purpose of Article. The purposes of the article are to characterize the librarian activity of the Kyiv literacy society in the organization and distribution of the Pavlenkov libraries network at the beginning of the twentieth century; to study the characteristics of acquisition of books of those libraries, the originality of readers, dynamics of basic library indicators; to analyse the importance of Pavlenkov libraries in spreading education and culture in the central region of Ukraine. Methodology. The research methodology is to apply general specific and special methods. The author uses historical-comparative, statistical, chronological and other methods. The using of these research methods allow to characterize the activities of the Kyiv literacy Society, concerning foundation of Pavlenkov libraries and to analyse the dynamics of the main librarian indicators, to study features of their function and to show their significance in the spread of education and culture. Scientific Novelty. The scientific novelty of the article in the fact that the author is the first who has researched the features of the Pavlenkov libraries foundation by Kyiv literacy society; obtained and expanded activity of Pavlenkov libraries in the central region of Ukraine in the early twentieth century; put new historical sources into scientific circulation. The comparative analysis of the dynamics of the main indicators of Pavlenkov libraries, based Kyiv literacy society, allows to determine the dependence of the efficiency of their work on the level of funding and the quality of Collection, initiatives and activities of heads of libraries and the local community. Conclusions. It is proved that the most active development of Pavlenkov libraries was in the period of 1905-1907, which was associated with the rise of political life, the democratization of society, thestrengthening of national cultural and educational prosperity. The further development of Pavlenkov librariesstopped because of the reaction policy in the country, increasing of the police harassment and the prohibitionof Kyiv literacy society in 1908. It is underlined that Pavlenkov libraries were often the only centers of culture in the remote places. They also executed different social functions and were not only libraries, but also clubs and museums. It is proved that the main direction of Pavlenkov libraries activity was aimed to readers from the simple population, especially among the lower classes in villages and small towns, to reduction of the cultural distance between the center and periphery, to the creation and development of cultural and educational space in the region. It is determined that despite a significant number of Pavlenkov libraries, established by the Kyiv literacy society (according to various sources from 167 till 267), the company had not put the goal to build a library network. They wanted to create as many public libraries as they could, regardless the frequency of their location.
- Issue Year: 2017
- Issue No: 1
- Page Range: 48-65
- Page Count: 18
- Language: Ukrainian