THE ROLE OF THE TERMS “JUDAIZATION” AND “SABBATIZATION” IN THE HISTORY OF EUROPEAN AND TRANSYLVANIAN SABBATARIANISM Cover Image
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THE ROLE OF THE TERMS “JUDAIZATION” AND “SABBATIZATION” IN THE HISTORY OF EUROPEAN AND TRANSYLVANIAN SABBATARIANISM
THE ROLE OF THE TERMS “JUDAIZATION” AND “SABBATIZATION” IN THE HISTORY OF EUROPEAN AND TRANSYLVANIAN SABBATARIANISM

Author(s): Ioan-Gheorghe Rotaru
Subject(s): Christian Theology and Religion
Published by: Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai
Keywords: terms; judaization; sabbatization; sabbatarianism.

Summary/Abstract: The present study reveals some aspects concerning the use of the terms “judaization” and “sabbatization” in the theological literature referring to some religious concepts and religious movements. As for the use of specific terminology regarding the sabbatarians, the antitrinitarian specialized literature from inside the country and from abroad used in some works the term “judaization” for defining not only the concepts of radical ideologies but also the representatives and the persons from the 16th-17th century having a theological, dogmatic, extremist conception, persons who would deny the dogma of the Holy Trinity or the Trinity. Concerning the use of the term “judaization”, it can be pointed out that there was no constant application of the term by the trends of that time and their ambassadors. Some of the specialized persons in this field stated that Judaizers were those non-judaic people that follow, by their conceptions, Judaism partially or totally or the ones that had wished to become Jews, while others limited the application of the term “judaization” and its meaning to non-Jewish sabbatic-antitrinitarian people, who pursued the Rabbinic tradition in their conceptions and religious practices. The term “sabbatization” had an overwhelming influence on the European and Transylvanian Sabbatarianism, for the term “Sabbath”, originating from the Holy Writ and referring to the seventh day of the week as a day of worship, was considered to be timely and claimed as a holiday. In Transylvania, though, where the presence of the Turks and habsburgs was noticed, the “judaization” and “sabbatization”, left deep marks, turning into a religious movement called “Transylvanian sabbatarianism”, with a history of 400 years.

  • Issue Year: LIX/2014
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 75-84
  • Page Count: 10
  • Language: English