The Model of the Foreign Policy Ideology of the American Neo-Conservatism Cover Image

Модель внешнеполитической идеологии американского неоконсерватизма
The Model of the Foreign Policy Ideology of the American Neo-Conservatism

Author(s): Sergey Vladimirovich Kislitsyn
Subject(s): Political Philosophy, Diplomatic history, History of ideas, Political history, International relations/trade
Published by: Ивановский государственный университет
Keywords: neo-conservatism; ideology; US foreign policy; the US Republican Party;

Summary/Abstract: For many years neo-conservatism has been one of the most influential political movements inside the US Republican Party. Its influence can be traced in foreign policy approaches of presidents R. Reagan (1981—1989) and George W. Bush (2001—2009). The neo-conservative ideology is based on the combination of the two main paradigms of the American theory of international relations — political realism and liberalism. Based on the need to establish a democratic peace through American global leadership, neoconservatives do not consider democratization the result of the evolution of state institutions. On the contrary, they believe that the most effective tool for its promotion is the tactics of nation building. The neo-conservatives are characterized by skepticism to international law and supranational organizations. From their point of view, the idea of building a democratic peace must be realized by force in a world that is anarchistic by its nature. Despite sufficient knowledge of neo-conservatism both in Russia and abroad, the task of theoretical systematization, modeling of its approaches has not been put to this day. This study is based on the principles of systematic historical analysis, which involves studying both individual elements of the neo-conservative ideology and their interaction with the environment. In this connection, the work is divided into two corresponding parts. The first part of the article is dedicated to the model of neoconservative foreign policy approaches. Since ideology tends to adopt paradigmatic traits, the study is based on such key definitions as the nature of international relations, the essence of national interest, the relationship between the factor of power and international law, the interrelationship between the domestic and foreign policies of the state, the importance of supranational international institutions and the role of the United States in the global world. In the second part, the constructed model is considered on the example of real conflicts of the turn of the XX—XXI centuries. The conclusion is made about the static nature of neo-conservative ideology and its inability to paradigmatic changes. The model is based on the approaches and ideas expressed by key neoconservative ideologists, first of all — E. Abrams, J. Bolton, M. Boot, R. Kagan, C. Krauthammer, I. Kristol, W. Kristol, D. Muravchik, N. Podhoretz.

  • Issue Year: 2018
  • Issue No: 4
  • Page Range: 19-42
  • Page Count: 24
  • Language: Russian