The „Non-understan ding of the World“ as a Way to Modernism in Literature, especially in Russian Prose at the Turn of the 19th and 20th Century Cover Image
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„Nerozumění světu“ jako cesta k moderně v literatuře, zvláště v ruské próze přelomu 19. a 20. století
The „Non-understan ding of the World“ as a Way to Modernism in Literature, especially in Russian Prose at the Turn of the 19th and 20th Century

Author(s): Josef Dohnal
Subject(s): Literary Texts
Published by: Ústav svetovej literatúry, Slovenská akadémia vied
Keywords: Modernism. Model of World. Subject-Object Relation. Modern Literature. Russian Literature. Non-Understanding. External Reality in Art. Internal Reality in Art.

Summary/Abstract: The article is concerned with the transformations in the understanding of the relationship between the external reality and the inner reality of the perceiving subject that led to a significant shift in the complex way of depicting the subject-object relation in literary works. The author shows that the ability of an individual to understand the world around him (external reality) and to understand himself (inner reality, subjectivity) changes in the framework of the subject-object relation. The author points out that the understanding of the inner reality (stress is on subjectivity) prevails in the period of Romanticism, while in the period of Realism and Naturalism, the external reality prevails (stress is on the object). At the end of the 19th century, there is a loss of the understanding of both external and inner reality and a disharmony between the two poles arises. Modern literature with its specific features is taken as a natural consequence of this process. In this way, the author relates the character of the works of art with the sudden transformation of the concept of the world, which is reflected in them.

  • Issue Year: IV/2012
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 68-80
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: Czech