The Role of the Team in the Solution of Medical- Social Problems of Individuals with Mental Disabilities Who Live in a Center for Family-Type Accommodation Cover Image
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Ролята на екипа в преодоляване на медико-социални проблеми на лицата с умствена изостаналост, живеещи в ЦНСТ
The Role of the Team in the Solution of Medical- Social Problems of Individuals with Mental Disabilities Who Live in a Center for Family-Type Accommodation

Author(s): Ekaterina Mitova
Subject(s): Social Sciences, Psychology, Clinical psychology, Health and medicine and law
Published by: Балканска асоциация по история и философия на медицината (БАИФМ)

Summary/Abstract: This article reveals and discusses the medical-social problems of individuals with mental disabilities who benefit from a new social service: residing in a center for family-type accommodation (such is the Center for Family-Type Accommodation of individuals with mental disabilities) and the role of the multidisciplinary team in solving these problems. The reforms in the sphere of the social services and the introduction of the deinstitutionalization as a basic priority of the Bulgarian social policy started in 2002. It was then that the Council of Ministers adopted a new strategy in the social policy with a number of priority goals among which are: reducing the number of people living in specialized institutions, and developing social services for the most vulnerable social groups. The focus was on the transition from the institutionalized services towards the services that allow the individuals to stay in their own community and family environment. Deinstitutionalization of individuals residing in specialized institutions is currently implemented through providing social services in the community. One of these services is the Center for Family- Type Accommodation of individuals with mental disabilities in the town of Bobov dol. The service has functioned since October 2010 and has been a result from the whole process of deinstitutionalization in Bulgaria and the closure of the Home for children and youths with mental retardation in the village of Gorna Koznitsa, the Municipality of Bobov dol. Yet, what practically happens? Is moving from one place to another one with better material living conditions sufficient enough to state that the process of deinstitutionalization is real? This question requires a detailed analysis of the social services provided in the community, of the changes of the attitudes, and the ensuing adequate policy on behalf of the State aiming at solving the problems and overcoming the obstacles that both the users of the social services as well as their providers are faced with in Bulgaria.

  • Issue Year: XI/2016
  • Issue No: 01+02
  • Page Range: 243-249
  • Page Count: 7
  • Language: Bulgarian