The Complex Sentence with the Proleptic Constituent in Serbo-Croat Cover Image

Сложена реченица с пролептичким конституентом у српскохрватском језику
The Complex Sentence with the Proleptic Constituent in Serbo-Croat

Author(s): Miloš Kovačević
Subject(s): Syntax, Semantics, South Slavic Languages, Stylistics
Published by: Institut za jezik
Keywords: Serbo-Croatian language; complex sentence; proleptic constituent; syntax; semantic; stylistic;

Summary/Abstract: The central concern of this article is prolepsis within the complex sentence. The author offers the syntactic, semantic and stylistic analysis of this type of the complex sentence in which the direct object of the main clause anticipates the subject of the subordinate clause, (eg. Vidim PTICU da/gdje /ikako leti — I can see the BIRD that/where/as it is flying: Vidim da/gdje/kako PTICA leti — I can see that/where/as the BIRD is flying. »I can see the BIRD which is flying«). The author claims that the following peculiarities can be associated with this type of the complex sentence: 1. only the verbs of perception and some verbs of state can occur in the position of the predicate in the main clause, 2. the subject of the main clause is always »the experience«, 3. the subordinate clause itself is a nominal-adjectival clause, 4. the whole sentence with the proleptic object in the main clause should be considered as syntactically and semantically marked compared with the unmarked sentence in which the subordinate clause contains the grammatical subject eg. Vidim da/gdje/како PTICA leti.

  • Issue Year: 14/1985
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 123-137
  • Page Count: 15
  • Language: Croatian, Serbian