Establishment and development of Macedonian refugee cultural, educational and charity fraternities in Bulgaria (1878-1951) Cover Image
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Възникване и развитие на македонските бежански културно-просветни и благотворителни братства в България (1878-1951)
Establishment and development of Macedonian refugee cultural, educational and charity fraternities in Bulgaria (1878-1951)

Author(s): Stoyan Raychevski
Subject(s): History, Social Sciences, Education, Cultural history, Sociology, Comparative history, History of ideas, Local History / Microhistory, Political history, Social history, Recent History (1900 till today), History of Education, State/Government and Education, Sociology of Culture, Sociology of the arts, business, education, Pre-WW I & WW I (1900 -1919)
Published by: Издателска къща "Гутенберг"
Keywords: Macedonia; Bulgaria; History; Balkan History; Bulgarian history; Social activism;
Summary/Abstract: The Macedonian charity, cultural and educational fraternities in Bulgaria were established by the refugees from Macedonia who came to this country after Kresna-Razlog Uprising in 1878, the Illinden (St. Elijah's Day) Uprising in 1903, the Second Balkan War in 1913 and World War I. They originated on a purely fraternity basis with the aim of charity work, mutual support and preservation of family roots. The number of fraternities established by the refugees grew with their number in Bulgaria, running parallel to and enrichment of the forms of organization: clubs emerged, ephorie (boards of trustees), cooperatives, cultural and educational scocieties, orphanages, including banks such as the Macedonian Cooperative Bank and the Macedonian Popular Bank, and the Macedonian Research Institute among others. At the beginning of May 1934 there were about 540 Macedonian refugee structures established all acros Bulgaria with 50634 regularly reported members. The activity of the Macedonian fraternities was officially terminated with Decree № 130 of 1951 of the Presidium of the National Assembly. A special circular letter of the Ministry of Justice was issued whereby the company cases of the refugee organization were transferred to the regional and district courts where single-member panels presided. The decree of the Presidium transferred the entire property of the Macedonian charity fraternities and other Macedonian organisations to the newly-established Gotse Delchev Society in Sofia.