Awareness of Guilt and Supremacy of the Victor: Hungary and Yugoslavia 1945-1947 in the Light of Hungarian Documents Cover Image
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Svest o krivici i nadmoć pobednika: Mađarska i Jugoslavija 1945-1947. u svetlu mađarskih dokumenata
Awareness of Guilt and Supremacy of the Victor: Hungary and Yugoslavia 1945-1947 in the Light of Hungarian Documents

Author(s): Enikô A. Sajti
Subject(s): Civil Society, Diplomatic history, Political history, International relations/trade, WW II and following years (1940 - 1949), Period(s) of Nation Building
Published by: Institut za noviju istoriju Srbije
Keywords: diplomatic relations; Allied Control Commission; reparations; Yugoslavia; Hungary; retaliation; repression; deportation; confiscation; population exchange;
Summary/Abstract: Based on hitherto unused Hungarian documents the paper depicts relations between Hungary and Yugoslavia 1945-1947. Diplomatic relations between Hungary and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia were severed in April 1941 due to war and dismemberment of Yugoslavia. They were reestablished after the war under drastically changed foreign-political and domestic circumstances. The “power balance" tipped clearly in favor of the new Yugoslavia that had already been recognized. Hungary, as a defeated country, had to answer before the great powers. According to the Peace Treaty of 1947 some 3 Million Hungarians found themselves once again outside of their nation-state. Yugoslavia triumphantly took the place at the side of the victors and successfully reunited the state that had been dismembered in 1941. Between 1945 and 1947 Hungary was under military occupation and under control of the Allied Control Commission and she regained her formal sovereignty only in 1947 with the Paris Peace Treaty. In this relation: the subordinated and the superior, i.e. the vanquished and the victor, were the diplomatic relations between Hungary and Yugoslavia reestablished on March 10, 1945. In 1947 these relations became more cordial than ever, which was crowned in December 1947 by outwardly glamorously prepared visit of Josip Broz Tito to Hungary.

  • Page Range: 531-555
  • Page Count: 25
  • Publication Year: 2016
  • Language: Serbian